By James R. Lewis
Over 1/2 U.S. religions have shaped due to the fact 1960, however the time period "cult" applies purely to a couple high-demand spiritual teams. within the Nineteen Nineties, a chain of violent incidents related to replacement non secular teams reactivated the talk within the usa, Europe, and East Asia. High-profile terrorist violence akin to the September eleven assaults has brought on curiosity within the factor of faith and violence, which in flip has inspired new paintings at the cult issue.This quantity surveys the cult controversies from the early Seventies to the current. incorporated is an in-depth examine brainwashing and the difficulty of different religions and violence. The imperative arguable religions, routine, and contributors that experience made the headlines also are tested.
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Additional info for Cults: A Reference Handbook, Second Edition (Contemporary World Issues)
In terms of the resources allocated, Schein judges the Communist Chinese thought-reform program directed at prisoners to be largely ineffective (1961; Anthony 1990). ” Although debilitated, prisoners subjected to communist indoctrination were otherwise alert and rational and did not exhibit defective thought patterns (1961, 202–203, 238–239). Furthermore, he notes that the popular notion of “brainwashing” as involving “extensive self-delusion and excessive distortion is a false one” (239; Anthony 1990, 312).
Participants would dance in a circle until some fell down in a trance during which they received revelations, usually from departed relatives. Performing the dance would hasten the advent of the new age. Wovoka’s revelation spoke powerfully to his contemporaries, and the dance was taken up by a wide variety of different tribes, such as the Shoshone, Arapaho, Crow, Cheyenne, Pawnee, Kiowa, Comanche, and Sioux. Relatively stable tribal groups that had adjusted successfully to changed conditions were least inclined to accept the new teaching.
These special-interest groups add further fuel to the parent-child conflict by scaring parents with horrific stories of what will happen to their adult child if they fail to have her or him deprogrammed. In this manner, many otherwise reasonable and well-meaning parents are recruited into the controversy. In civil suits brought against minority religions, “cult experts” have appealed to the notion of cultic mind control as the basis for their claim that former “cult” members (in other words, the plaintiffs) had been recruited to a religion against their will.