By Nicholas Tarling
Bringing jointly contributions at the nature of corruption in East and Southeast Asia, this edited quantity examines the technique of proscribing and eventually doing away with corruption at a countrywide and overseas point. Taking a rustic by way of nation procedure the textual content explores: the concept that of corruption, now and some time past fresh reviews of Asian nations on the macro- and micro-levels useful neighborhood and overseas measures to constrain corruption. the amount outlines key rules of excellent governance and the guidelines and practices crucial for his or her program. As such, it represents an incredibly important contribution to our knowing of corruption and the way to take on the matter.
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Extra resources for Corruption and Good Governance in Asia (Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Asia)
That enhanced the tendency towards candidate-centred election campaigns, and contributed to the high amount of campaign spending. At the same time, the system slightly favoured the two largest parties (LDP and JSP) by rewarding them with more seats than they could 28 Yoichiro Sata win under a proportional representation system. 18 Thus, one could argue that had the Japanese electoral system been more equally representative, urban problems could have been addressed much earlier and in a more thorough manner.
30 An interesting aspect of the rice price issue was that senior LDP agriculture zoku politicians sided with MAFF, convincing the farmers of ‘inevitable’ price freezes and production cuts. 31 Tanaka cultivated MOF bureaucrats by entertaining them, intervening in personnel decisions within the ministry, helping the retiring bureaucrats run for elections, and even paying them cash. Makoto Sataka, Nihon Kanryo Hakusho, Tokyo: Kodansha, 1986, pp. 44–51, 67–8; also Kawakita, op. , pp. 170–3. 32 Muramatsu and Krauss, op.
The Japanese government’s inability to cut the budget deficit indicates a relative decline in the power of the MOF vis-àvis the LDP. 31 Nevertheless, in regard to other ministries, evidence of LDP dominance is mostly lacking. Even the MOF seemed to be regaining its strength as the longwished tax reform finally succeeded in 1988, and the consumption tax rate was raised in 1995. ’s Image III. Japanese politicians may sometimes overcome bureaucratic opposition, backed by strong organized interest groups.