By N. Demise, Y. Miwa, M. Nabayashi, Y. Nakoshi
The situations of Enron and WorldCom in 2001 within the usa targeted around the world realization at the factor of no matter if agencies have a social accountability past stockholder worth. fresh incidents in Japan have raised related questions as company governance within the wide experience and company social accountability specifically were taken up by means of committees confirmed through govt ministries. This publication is the results of a world comparative research of company governance all started in 2002, and gives in-depth research of the difficulty because it applies to administration, ethical dangers, accounting practices, and the institutional investor from either a eastern and a world viewpoint. The research offers a view of the corporate as an entity that not just maximizes revenue for stockholders yet that still has a social position to play in holding a sustainable society. during this manner the e-book is a useful resource for managers, traders, and others in company, finance, and economics.
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Additional info for Corporate governance in Japan
Part II Corporate Governance in Japan 5 Institutional Investors Exercising Shareholder Voting Rights in Japan Yumiko Miwa 1. Introduction In Japan in recent years, ﬁduciary investment institutions such as the Pension Fund Association and public pensions as well as investment advisors have created guidelines for exercising shareholder voting rights, and have been actively endeavoring in exercising these rights. Participation in corporate governance by American institutional investors is exerting great inﬂuence in movements such as these.
In the modern era with globalization of corporate activities, cries of concern about this international inﬂuence are growing louder. In the 1990s, ocean waste from Royal Dutch oil storage facilities and low wages paid by Nike in developing countries became international problems. With this kind of multinational company problems as a backdrop, interest in CSR increased. In 1999 the UN Secretary General Koﬁ Annan advocated the Global Compact, nine principles regarding human rights, labor, and environmental issues.
7 Maeda (1974) p. 460. 8 Clark (1990) p. 79. 5 34 I. Four Approaches to Corporate Governance 3. The Check System from the Investment: Socially Responsible Investment In recent years, socially responsible investment (SRI) has garnered attention worldwide. SRI is an investment method targeting companies that conduct their activities with corporate social responsibility (CSR), investing in companies which value CSR, and not just taking corporate earnings from the marketplace. CSR signiﬁes operating a business by interacting positively and consulting with equity stakeholders concerning corporate environmental policies, strict adherence to the law, consideration of human rights, consumer response, maintaining a positive work environment, contributing to the region, etc.