By Rafael Torres Sánchez
Traditionally, Spain has frequently been represented as a monetary failure, a nation constrained through its absolutist monarchy and doomed to economic and monetary failure with no desire of lasting progress. The cave in of the Spanish kingdom first and foremost of the 19th century would appear to endure out this view of the restrictions of Spain's absolutist country, and this historic college of notion offers the eighteenth century because the final episode in an extended heritage of decline that's at once associated with the failure of the sixteenth-century Spanish imperial absolutist monarchy. This research offers a unique point of view, suggesting that during truth throughout the eighteenth century, Spain's fiscal-military kingdom used to be reconstructed and grew. It indicates how the advance of the Spanish fiscal-military country used to be in line with diverse progress components to these of the 16th and 17th centuries; and that with this transformation, many of the state's constitution and its dating with élites and taxpayers altered irrevocably. within the ceaseless look for ideas, the Spanish country utilized quite a lot of monetary and financial rules to extend its empire. The study during this publication is electrified through present historic discussions, and offers a brand new standpoint at the ancient debate that frequently compares English 'success' with continental 'failure'.
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Additional info for Constructing a Fiscal-Military State in Eighteenth-Century Spain
137–45). Likewise, the concession of slave trading rights to the French company gave it access to Cuba’s tobacco market. The French exploited the new legal footing to establish busy and fertile relations with the Havana elite and with tobacco producers, especially of snuff. , 2012, pp. 176–7). French legal footing and exclusive control over the tobacco and slave trades were more 34 Constructing a Fiscal-Military State in 18th-century Spain than enough to upset Europe’s trading balances with Spanish America and spark off a European war against the new king.
As pointed out by Pellicer de Ossau y Tovar, during the minority of Charles II, Spain’s taxation problems stemmed from ‘the incomprehensible amount of compartments within this Real Hacienda… for money is like flour; the more sacks it is packed into the more gets left behind’ (Sánchez Belén, 1988, p. 655). The Junta tackled this problem 24 Constructing a Fiscal-Military State in 18th-century Spain head-on, planning to reduce the number of tax collectors. This reform tactic was very important because it implied something more important still: the need of overhauling hacienda governance, the way resources were kept track of and run.
As we will see later, he pulled this off in part by setting up a Tesorería Mayor de Guerra. The objective of this warfare treasury was to raise as much money as possible to meet the needs of French and Spanish military expenditure. As such, strictly speaking, it did not amount to a reform of public finance but was instead a closer-controlled treasury tagged onto the inherited system. Orry’s new treasury managed to muster revenue from a wide range of sources and to meet all necessary army payments.