By Nigel P. Cooper, David T. Kemp
This ebook is a compilation of state-of-the-art examine at the mechanical operation of the peripheral auditory method. Bringing jointly over 50 theoretical and experimental reviews by way of major researchers, it covers the molecular, mobile and platforms degrees utilizing a robust mixture of organic, mathematical and engineering strategies. as well as the medical papers, the publication comprises the reviews and discussions raised via the person manuscripts on the time in their presentation, and a last bankruptcy with the edited transcripts of a dialogue consultation protecting 'outstanding issues' among probably the most well-liked researchers within the field.The first-hand details supplied by way of those transcripts will make the publication really fascinating. well known participants to the booklet comprise Profs. JF Ashmore (FRS, UK), E de Boer (The Netherlands), W Brownell (USA), P Dallos (USA), R Fettiplace (FRS, USA), AW Gummer (Germany), AJ Hudspeth (USA), DC Mountain (USA), AL Nuttall (USA), IJ Russell (FRS, UK), CA Shera (USA), and H Wada (Japan).
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Extra info for Concepts and Challenges in the Biophysics of Hearing: Proceedings of the 10th International Workshop on the Mechanics of Hearing, Keele University, Staffordshire, UK 27 - 31 July 2008
We use 2f2-f1 in the figures because the points are illustrated more clearly with this DP. 1 Traveling-wave is dominant at frequencies around the BF DP pressure responses showed similar tuning and phase as the primaries [3, 7] when measured close to the BM at frequencies fairly close to the local BF (22 kHz) (thick line in Fig. 2A & B). Similar to its primary responses shown in Fig. 1, at frequencies around the BF, the DP exhibited significant spatial variations as the sensor moved away from the BM (Fig.
Between 3 and 10 kHz are consistent with the larger GME we measured at these frequencies. Acknowledgments We thank Elizabeth Olson for her assistance in making the fiber-optic pressure sensors, Melissa Wood for her mastery of chinchilla surgery, the staff of the Eaton-Peabody Laboratory, and the staff of the Microsystems Technology Laboratories at MIT. Funded by NIDCD. References 1. , 1998. Observing middle and inner ear mechanics with novel intracochlear pressure sensors. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 103 (6), 3445-3463.
1 Middle Ear Pressure Gain GME (Figure 1) was computed from simultaneous measurements of PV and PEC, and corrected to account for the differences between PTM and PEC as described above. |GME| was between 20 and 40 dB over almost the entire frequency range of measurement. 3 and 3 kHz and Figure 1. Middle Ear Pressure Gain. 7 cycles by 10 kHz. 1 cycle for the angle. |GME| was comparable to the anatomical “transformer ratio” of 35 dB computed from the “area ratio” (of the TM to the area of the footplate) of 29 dB and the “lever ratio” (of malleus length to incus length) of 6 dB [4,5].