Download Computer Supported Collaborative Writing by M. Sharples (auth.), Mike Sharples BSc, PhD (eds.) PDF

By M. Sharples (auth.), Mike Sharples BSc, PhD (eds.)

M. Sharples 1. 1 The Collaborative culture Collaborative writing is not anything new. the outline lower than is from the advent to a e-book released in 1911: each web page, besides the fact that, has been debated and glided by the 3 folks. Our ordinary process has been, first to select up an issue that us, possibly an issue we were speaking approximately for a protracted whereas, then to debate it and argue over it, ashore and afloat, in corporation and via ourselves, until eventually we got here to our joint end. Then on a coarse day, in a set-to dialogue, i might take down notes, which often amounted in size to greater than part the completed article. From the notes i might make a coarse draft, which, after extra dialogue, will be re­ written, and back, after revision, typewritten. we'd plow through the printer's proofs jointly and eventually, after examining the problem in print, we've got once again revised it for ebook ebook. Collaboration couldn't be extra thorough. (Reynolds, et al. 1911, p. x) The ebook, turns out So! A Working-class View of Politics, was once written by means of an aca­ demic operating heavily with fishermen.

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1 Perspectives Practices, time patterning and shared reality In face-to-face interaction, a sense of coherence and common definition of reality and purpose is mutually accomplished as a result of practices that speakers are obliged to employ because of the inference of the oral medium. These practices have been extensively investigated in conversational analysis (Cicourel 1972, 1973; Garfinkel and Sacks 1969; Schegloff 1971). Not only do participants monito); responses and spontaneously initiate "repair" on signs of misunderstanding, but they frequently "gloss" the discussion, thus formulating and reformulating the common understanding that is being built up: so, for example, parties will know clearly which part of a joint plan each has promised to undertake.

In the second, major organizational interests were at stake. 1 Case Study 1: A Specification A group of human factors specialists, located at various institutions remote from one another, used a computer conference to develop the specification for an improved user interface. ) Members contributed to this project on a voluntary basis, came from a variety of backgrounds and offered complementary skills. The group as a whole had a task remit, but the roles of group members were emergent from the group process.

1990; Lea and Spears 1991), reducing each individual's perception of herself as a member of a group, which in tum undermines the cohesion of the group. Even when steps are taken to counter this sense of anonymity, new media for communication can distort the conveyed meaning of messages. For example, studies of audio / video communication links have shown that users' attempts to deploy their normal conversational controls (d. Brown and Levinson 1978) are stymied because the new medium is subtly different from the face-to-face context (Heath and Luff 1991).

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