By Sarah Grogan
Sarah Grogan offers a complete review of the topic of physique photo, pulling jointly assorted examine from the fields of psychology, sociology, media, and gender stories in males, ladies, and kids. This moment variation has been completely revised and up-to-date to mirror the numerous raise in study on physique picture because the first version was once released, together with new empirical info amassed particularly for this article. as well as interpreting proof for sociocultural impacts on physique snapshot, the ebook additionally reports contemporary literature and contains new findings on physique amendment practices (cosmetic surgical procedure, piercing, tattooing, and bodybuilding). It takes a serious examine interventions designed to advertise optimistic physique photograph and in addition makes an attempt to hyperlink physique snapshot to actual wellbeing and fitness, having a look specifically at motivations for almost certainly health-damaging practices reminiscent of anabolic steroid use and plastic surgery. the single textual content so far that examines the issue of physique snapshot, targeting males and youngsters in addition to girls, physique photo may be valuable to scholars and researchers within the region in addition to people with an curiosity in how one can advertise confident physique photo.
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Additional resources for Body Image: Understanding Body Dissatisfaction in Men, Women and Children (Second edition)
British government guidelines describe tattooing as “a procedure that involves the puncture of the skin so that a dye may be inserted into the dermal layer to achieve a permanent design,” and piercing as “the perforation of the skin and underlying tissue, in order to create a tunnel in the skin through which jewellery is inserted” (Health and Safety Executive, 2001). Tattooing involves inserting pigment into the dermis (Long and Rickman, 1994). Modern tattooing is generally performed by machine whereby a cluster of rapidly oscillating needles deposits liquid pigment into the upper layer of the skin.
Prodieting lobbyists argue that dieting leads to long-term weight loss, and generally that weight loss improves health. When assessing the eﬀectiveness of diets, it is important to distinguish between dieting in normal-weight individuals in order to reach an aesthetic ideal, and dieting in those whose degree of overweight may be injurious to their health. The latter group is likely to be better motivated and better supported (clinically and socially) than the former, and diets that work with obese people will not necessarily be eﬀective (or appropriate) for those who are not obese.
Future research should look separately at motivations for tattoos and piercings, and at ways in which piercing and tattooing are gendered, to understand more fully this signiﬁcant cultural change in acceptability of body-modiﬁcation practices. Summary • • • • • • • Western society promotes slenderness for men and women. Women are expected to be slim and shapely; men to be slender and muscular. There is some disagreement among theorists as to the basis for these cultural ideals. Psychologists working within a biological framework have stressed the healthiness of the slender ideal.