By MartAn Aluja, Tracy C Leskey, Charles Vincent
Because the human impression upon the surroundings turns into extra obvious and serious, the necessity to boost agricultural strategies that reason minimum harm to the surroundings has elevated. this is often rather the case within the quarter of pest administration, the place built-in pest administration (IPM) thoughts became a basic portion of plant protection.Focusing on insect pests of tree end result and mixing behavioural learn with crop defense purposes, this ebook emphasizes the significance of environmentally sustainable methods in an agroecosystem. either experimental and utilized themes are mentioned, together with the conceptual framework of IPM, practical and behavioural ecology of a pest, host detection mechanisms and tracking device improvement, in addition to pest administration case reviews. Representing a finished dialogue of tree-fruit pest administration, from the evolution, ecology and behavior of insect pests to the implementation of utilized biorational programmes, it will be crucial examining for researchers in addition to advertisement growers and extension brokers.
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Extra info for Biorational Tree Fruit Pest Management
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Functional groups Guilds Main representative species Fruit feeders Fruit borers Apple maggot, codling moth, oriental fruit moth, European apple sawﬂy Tarnished plant bug, western tarnished plant bug, brown stink bug, consperse stink bug, green stink bug Fruit tree leaf roller, light brown apple moth, oblique-banded leaf roller, red-banded leaf roller, tufted apple bud moth Lacanobia fruitworm Spotted tentiform leaf miner Apple rust mite, European red mite, McDaniel spider mite, two-spotted spider mite Apple aphid, spirea aphid, white apple leaf hopper Dogwood borer, shothole borer Mullein bug, rosy apple aphid Fruit sap feeders Foliage feeders Leaf rollers Leaf strip feeders Leaf miners Leaf pit feeders Leaf sap feeders Wood feeders Mixed plant organ feeders Wood borers Leaf and fruit sap feeders Wood, leaf and fruit sap feeders Leaf and root sap feeders San José scale Woolly apple aphid 4.