Download Beyond Smoke and Mirrors: Climate Change and Energy in the by Burton Richter PDF

By Burton Richter

International weather switch is likely one of the most crucial concerns humanity faces this present day. This publication assesses the practical, mindless and biased proposals for avoiding the doubtless disastrous effects of world warming, permitting the reader to attract their very own conclusions on switching to extra sustainable power provision. Burton Richter is a Nobel Prize-winning scientist who has served on many US and overseas evaluate committees on weather swap and effort concerns. He offers a concise review of our wisdom and uncertainties inside weather switch technological know-how, discusses present power call for and provide styles, and the strength suggestions on hand to chop emissions of greenhouse gases. Written in non-technical language, this e-book offers a balanced view of techniques for relocating from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels right into a even more sustainable power procedure, and is available to quite a lot of readers with out clinical backgrounds - scholars, policymakers, and the involved citizen.

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Extra resources for Beyond Smoke and Mirrors: Climate Change and Energy in the 21st Century

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Ucmp. php A more technical but readable article on the rise of oxygen is by Don Canfield 2 et al. [8]. 27 28 The past as proxy for the future old; we are young. Homo habilis, thought to be our African first ancestor, lived about 4 million years ago. Our particular subspecies, Homo sapiens, is only about 100 000 years old. Our civilization is a mere 10 000 years old, a time period so short as to be only the blink of a geological eye. Yet in that eye blink our numbers and economic activity have begun to have effects on a global scale.

Since these aerosols have only a short residence time in the atmosphere, they have to be continuously added if global warming is to be canceled, and will continually fall out as acid rain. New geoengineering schemes are being invented all the time. The problem with all of these is unintended consequences. There are thousands of people trying to understand climate change including all the complex feedback effects that make the problem so complex. There are even more people trying to cut back on the emissions that cause it.

There are large uncertainties about the effect of these aerosols, but one thing is clear; their effect on climate is to reduce the temperature. They do this by increasing cloud formation, thereby increasing the reflection of incoming sunlight back into space (the reflected light is called the Earth’s albedo). Efforts to stop acid rain are reducing the sulfate aerosols produced in the industrialized countries, but increasing coal use in the developing world means that their actual amount is increasing globally.

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