Download Bedouin Ethnobotany: Plant Concepts and Uses in a Desert by James P. Mandaville PDF

By James P. Mandaville

A Bedouin asking a fellow tribesman approximately grazing stipulations in different components of the rustic says first easily, “Fih hayah?” or “Is there life?” A wilderness Arab’s wisdom of the sparse crops is tied on to his lifestyles and livelihood.

Bedouin Ethnobotany bargains the 1st unique learn of plant makes use of one of the Najdi Arabic–speaking tribal peoples of japanese Saudi Arabia. It additionally makes a massive contribution to the bigger venture of ethnobotany by means of describing features of a nomadic peoples’ conceptual relationships with the crops in their homeland.

the trendy theoretical foundation for reviews of the people type and nomenclature of vegetation used to be constructed from bills of peoples who have been small-scale agriculturists and, to a lesser volume, hunter-gatherers. This publication fills an enormous hole via extending such learn into the area of the nomadic pastoralist and exploring the level to which those styles are legitimate for one more significant subsistence sort. James P. Mandaville, an Arabic speaker who lived in Saudi Arabia for a few years, focuses first at the position of vegetation in Bedouin existence, explaining their makes use of for farm animals forage, firewood, medicinals, nutrients, and dyestuffs, and studying different useful reasons. He then explicates the conceptual and linguistic points of his topic, making use of the idea built by way of Brent Berlin and others to a formerly unstudied inhabitants. Mandaville additionally seems on the lengthy historical past of Bedouin plant nomenclature, discovering that little or no has replaced one of the names and classifications in approximately 11 centuries.

This quantity encompasses a CD-ROM that includes greater than 340 colour pictures of the folk, the terrain, and the majority of the crops pointed out within the textual content in addition to an audio dossier of a standard Bedouin tune and its translation and analysis.

an important quantity for an individual attracted to the interplay among human tradition and flora, Bedouin Ethnobotany will stand as a definitive resource for years to come.

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Additional info for Bedouin Ethnobotany: Plant Concepts and Uses in a Desert Pastoral World

Sample text

Arabian Peninsula, showing the study area. The core study area is enclosed in the dotted line. Names of consultants' tribes are centered on their home territories. species and associates, between the flora of western Arabia and the flora of lands on the western side of the Red Sea (Mandaville 1984). The study area is bounded on the east by the western shore of the Persian Gulf and on the west roughly by the western margin of the great linear arc of dunes called ad-Dahna’. It extends northwestward into the northern plains and in the south includes the northern part of the Rub‘ al-Khali.

These results do confirm the general accuracy of UNEP’s 1992 and 1997 mapping of our study area within its own definitions of aridity classes. 3. 018 30 30 7 Note and sources: P = annual precipitation; PE = calculated potential evapotranspiration by the Thornthwaite (1948) method; PEa = PE adjusted by the method in Hulme, Marsh, and Jones 1992, 12–17. Source of temperature and precipitation input data: Arabian American Oil Company 1979; Saudi Arabia Ministry of Agriculture and Water, Hydrological Publication (various issues); Saudi Arabia, Statistical Yearbook (various issues to 1998).

A typical family meal of above-average fare might consist of fresh or soured camel milk and a pot of rice boiled with onions and a tin or two of tomato paste. Thin unleavened wheat flour bread may be made on some occasions. Dates are also considered to be a staple and are often purchased semidried in large compressed blocks or sacks that keep well for months due to their high sugar content. In the past, fresh fruit, such as imported apples and oranges, were occasionally purchased in the t h e p e o p l e  towns, and the children considered them to be great treats when as a tent visitor I brought them with me in the 1960s; such fruits are much more common now.

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