By B. Ann Tlusty
Lining the streets contained in the city's gates, clustered in its heart, and thinly scattered between its again quarters have been Augsburg's taverns and consuming rooms. those associations ranged from the poorly lit rooms of backstreet wine dealers to the frilly marble halls frequented by way of society's so much privileged individuals. city consuming rooms supplied greater than nutrition, drink, and accommodation for his or her visitors. in addition they conferred upon their viewers a feeling of social id commensurate with their prestige. like several German towns, Augsburg through the 16th and 17th centuries had a historical past formed by means of the political occasions attending the Reformation, the post-Reformation, and the Thirty Years' warfare; its social and political personality was once additionally mirrored and supported by means of its private and non-private consuming rooms.
In Bacchus and Civic Order: The tradition of Drink in Early smooth Germany, Ann Tlusty examines the social and cultural services served through consuming and tavern existence in Germany among 1500 and 1700, and demanding situations present theories approximately city identification, sociability, and tool. via her reconstruction of the social historical past of Augsburg, from beggars to council participants, Tlusty additionally sheds mild on such varied issues as social ritual, gender and family kin, scientific perform, and the troubles of civic leaders with public healthiness and poverty. Drunkenness, dueling, and different kinds of tavern comportment that could seem ''disorderly'' to us this present day become the inevitable, even fascinating results of a society functioning in line with its personal rules.
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Additional resources for Bacchus and Civic Order: The Culture of Drink in Early Modern Germany
Just as drinking rooms were segregated according to social status, the dynamics of supply and demand led to a gradual segregation of the drinks themselves. The process was accompanied by a professionalization process in the licensing of wine taverns. Also of signiﬁcance is the relatively high economic and social status of Augsburg’s tavern keepers in the community. The purveyance of drink reveals itself as an especially stable and lucrative trade even in difﬁcult economic times, and the social status of tavern keepers was boosted by the importance of notions of hospitality to the city’s corporate identity as a merchant city of international reputation.
Mair responded by claiming that their facilities were not sufﬁcient to meet the needs of the many wine merchants who traded at the market, and they were especially inadequate for stabling their horses. The “Six Innkeepers” (Sechs Gastgeber) then drew on tradition to support their cause, noting that “since times long past there have not been more than six innkeepers [on the Wine Market]” and citing their tax privileges as evidence of their elite status. ”26 It was one of these prestigious inns that impressed Montaigne during his travels through Germany in .
These tap landlords (Zapfenwirte), however, who were not licensed to seat guests at tables or serve food, could not normally earn an independent living through alcohol sales. Rather, tap landlords were practicing craftsmen who bought and resold drinks only as a sideline to supplement their incomes. Although customers occasionally gathered in front of a tap landlord’s shop for a drink or two, these shops did not have the character of a public tavern and will not be considered as such. In addition to wine and beer, Augsburg’s citizens enjoyed mead, brandy, and gin.