By David A. Peterson
This publication offers the 1st systematic typological research of applicatives throughout African, American Indian, and East Asian languages. it's also the 1st to deal with their features in discourse, the derivation in their semantic and syntactic homes, and the way and why they've got replaced over the years.
Read or Download Applicative Constructions (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory) PDF
Best postmodernism books
A significant new interpretation of the innovations of modernism and modernity.
The recommendations of modernity and modernism are among the main debatable and vigorously debated in modern philosophy and cultural idea. during this new intervention, Fredric Jameson—perhaps the main influential and persuasive theorist of postmodernity—excavates and explores those notions in a clean and illuminating demeanour.
The impressive revival of discussions of modernity, in addition to of recent theories of creative modernism, calls for consciousness in its personal correct. it sort of feels transparent that the (provisional) disappearance of choices to capitalism performs its half within the common try and revive 'modernity' as a social excellent. but the paradoxes of the concept that illustrate its valid historical past and recommend a few ideas for fending off its misuse in addition.
In this significant new interpretation of the troublesome, Jameson concludes that either suggestions are tainted, yet still yield clues as to the character of the phenomena they speculated to theorize. His really appropriate and vigilant probing of either terms—which can most likely no longer be banished at this past due date—helps us make clear our current political and creative occasions.
Famed for his 1996 hoax that parodied the intense postmodernist feedback of technological know-how, Alan Sokal the following exposes many different examples of charlatanism, deflating the postmodernists of the left, the fundamentalists of the correct, and the muddle-headed of all political and apolitical stripes. Sokal does revisit his notorious hoax--the unique article is integrated within the booklet, with new explanatory footnotes--to light up matters which are with us much more pressingly at the present time.
In his publication, "Post-Marxist thought, An Introduction", Philip Goldstein ambitiously inspires the criticisms of Marxist concept via a dialogue of the post-marxist revolution in conception. this is often entire via an exam of either Foucauldian and Althusserian perspectives of societal constructs equivalent to oppression and racism and their impact on later concept.
This ebook offers the foundations of a Hallidayan method of language reports, and introduces a collection of concepts for the grammatical research of English. It comprises an summary of the functions of sensible grammar that demonstrates the sensible value of linguistic idea and research relating to matters in schooling and society.
Additional resources for Applicative Constructions (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory)
In almost all applicative constructions, the main pre-verbal object agreement is with the object associated with the applicative marker; there is never a second object marker in this position which agrees with the base object, if there is one. Thus, with ditransitives (and all applicative or causative verbs), it is not possible to have forms as in (59), where there would be one object marker reXecting the patient and another object marker reXecting the recipient. (59) a. ’ b. ’ It is possible for postverbal plural marking (-hnaa) to refer to the base object, however, if the base verb is transitive (see example (26) above).
In (117) we see that both objects of a relinquitive applicative may be relativized on using this strategy: (117) a. -taak-mii] 3sS-3sO-weed2-relinq-rel lawthlawpaa khaa ka-Ø-hmu? ’ b. -taak-mii] 3sS-3sO-weed2-relinq-rel law khaa ka-Ø-hmu? ’ Only in the case of instrumental applicatives is there any diVerence. 2) using the same morphology found in the applicative construction, as in (118). (118) [lawthlawpaa¼ni? a-tan-naak] naam khaa ka-hmu? ’ Finally, Hakha Lai has no valence-aVecting constructions which target objects, such as passive or antipassive, which would allow us to distinguish between multiple objects of applicative verbal complexes.
As we have seen many times before, the facts for purposive clauses linked to main clauses with instrumental applicatives are diVerent. As seen from the possible interpretations of (115), it is the patient of threatening which controls the reference of the subject agreement marker in the purposive clause rather than the instrument of threatening. a? tsewmaŒ¼ni? ’ This sentence could not mean either ‘Tsewmang used the farmeri to threaten Taaynaamkoong so that hei would cry’ or ‘Tsewmang used Taaynaamkoongi to threaten the farmer so that hei would cry’, which would be expected if the instrument object could control subject marking in the purposive clause.